LEROYPENNYSAVER&NEWS - FEBRUARY 7, 2016

This last Wednesday and

Thursday, the basement kitchen

at LeRoy was transformed into

a one-room school house for the

fourth graders. It’s always fun to

share this history with the kids,

whoenthusiasticallyparticipate in

aspellingBand learnhow towrite

cursive with a steel-tipped pen.

(And no one spilled ink!) And

sincemostof themprint, theyalso

discover thatprinting ishardwith

apen.And if theypushdown too

hard, the tipcouldbreakor itdigs

into the paper. The kids that are

left handed are always dragging

their hand through the ink.

This year I asked the teachers

to participate too. I gave them a

copy of fourteen problems from

a 1849 arithmetic book. (Part of

my reasoning, was that last year,

I discovered that with the new

math, Iwasn’t speaking the same

language that thekidswereusing

today to solve problems, and I

didn’t want to confuse the issue

- - for thatmatter Iwas confused

listening to how they solved the

problem.)Firstwehad togoover

theword“arithmetic”because it’s

not commonly used today. The

word“math” ismorepopularand

began replacing “arithmetic” in

the 1950s.

After thebriefdiscussionabout

arithmetic and math we had to

take a minute to talk about how

to use the slates. We don’t use

chalk. Insteadweuseslatepencils

which are made of stone. There

isnothingworse than the screech

of a slatepencil on the stone slate

surface. “Make sure you don’t

press hardwith the pencils. And

itseasier ifyouhold thepencilon

an angle. Don’t expect to have a

bold mark. The pencils make a

little scratch that you can erase

withyour finger. “

Hereare the fourteenproblems

that thekids solved. Ihave toad-

mit, that fromwhere Iwassitting,

therewere five teachers and five

different solutions - -notdifferent

answers. But different ways to

explain theprocess. Maybe that’s

why it’scalledmodernmath. And

don’t forget to label your answer.

1. Which is themost, 6 times

6or 4 times 9? (Trickquestion.)

2. John had 15 pears and he

gave 6 to Cyrus and 5 to Ralph.

How many did he have left?

(This was confusing to a couple

ofkids,because theyheard“pair”

not pear.)

3. Thomas gave 11 cents for a

topand6cents forastring tospin

it with, and then sold them both

for21cents. Howmanycentsdid

he gainbyhis bargain?

4. A grocer sold a chest of tea

for 25 dollars and took in pay-

ment 12 dollars worth of wheat,

8 dollars worth of oats and the

remainder inmoney. Howmuch

moneydidhe receive?

5. Aman bought awagon for

40 dollars, paid 10 dollars for

having it painted, and then sold it

for60dollars.Didhegainor lose

byhis bargain andhowmuch?

6.At2dollarsadayhowmuch

will aman earn in five days? In

6days?

7. There are 7days in aweek;

howmany days in 5 weeks? In

6weeks?

8.When hay is worth 10 dol-

lars a ton, what will 5 tons cost?

Whatwill 6 tons cost?

9.Howmuchwill 5poundsof

honey cost, at 11 cents a pound?

Howmuchwill 6pounds cost?

10.WhenDaniel uses6 sheets

of paper in a week, how, many

sheets will he use in 7 weeks?

Howmany in8weeks?

11.Milfordbought7orangesat

3 cents apiece ; howmany cents

did they cost him?

12.What will 7 hats cost, at 5

dollars apiece? What will 8 hats

cost at the same price?

13. Howmuch will 9 pounds

of sugar cost, at 9 cents apound?

Howmuchwill10poundscost at

the same price?

14. At 7 cents a quart, how

many cents must be paid for 10

quartsofblackberries?Howmany

for 11quarts?

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